In cases of chemical terrorism and toxic gas attacks, many citizens are injured, causing great social impact. To help cope with such cases, this section is responsible for research on analysis, metabolism, and toxicity of hazardous gases, related caseworks, and research and development of on-site detection and decontamination methods for chemical warfare agents.
Sample pretreatment and instrumental analysis methods have been developed for chemical warfare agents and biological toxins such as nerve gases, blistering agents, and ricin that are registered as specific chemicals in the "Law on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and the Regulation of Specific Chemicals," and also for their metabolites and degradation products.
In cases of chemical terrorism, the immediate detection of hazardous materials is required. Commercially available portable detection equipment has been evaluated using authentic chemical warfare agents, and new detection technologies have been developed for chemical warfare agents and biological toxins.